How to Start Applying For College Scholarships and Grant Money

Paying for college was a problem even before the Covid-19 pandemic.

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Now, with families under increased financial strain and a higher education more expensive than ever, some parents of college-bound students have reached a breaking point.

Most have to borrow to pay for much of the cost of their degree. That has already propelled student loan debt past a stunning $1.7 trillion. But families can find another way.

Eunice Chon, 18, a first-generation Korean-American student who lives in Macon, GA, wanted to find enough scholarships and grants to cover the entire cost of college.

Chon attends Howard High, a Title I school, which means there is a high percentage of low-income students. In fact, 99% of Howard High students fall in the category of economically disadvantaged.

“My dad said, ‘we can’t send you to a school that has any out-of-pocket costs,'” she said.

Unlike student loans, scholarship do not need to be repaid — essentially free money. In addition to the gift aid offered by colleges and universities, there are many private scholarships available, often funded by foundations, corporations and other independent organizations.

Even small awards add up over time. “Every dollar you win is a dollar less you will have to borrow,” said higher education expert Mark Kantrowitz.

Chon applied for a half-dozen scholarships from local and national groups and was awarded various sums, ranging from $500 to a $20,000 grant from the Coca-Cola Scholars Program. She also received a Crimson Access Opportunity scholarship, which provides economically disadvantaged students with free help from admissions experts.

“That was the most competitive thing I’ve done,” she said of her scholarship applications — which says a lot considering that Chon also applied to 18 elite colleges in the most cutthroat application cycle to date. Harvard University and a handful of other Ivy League schools accepted Chon.

Chon will join Harvard’s freshmen class in the fall, with enough scholarship dollars to cover the cost in full.

More than 1.7 million private scholarships and fellowships available for students have a total value of more than $7.4 billion, according to Kantrowitz.

“The biggest mistake that students and their family make is they feel they wouldn’t qualify — they opt out,” said James Lewis, president and co-founder of Atlanta-based National Society of High School Scholars. “There’s a scholarship for everyone out there.”

Lewis suggests starting with a quick online search. “Type in your passion and the word scholarship, you’ll be amazed at what you’ll find.”

“Do you love asparagus? There’s a scholarship for that. Are you left-handed? There’s a scholarship for that,” said Ashley Boucher, a spokeswoman for education lender Sallie Mae, speaking hypothetically.

How to find college scholarship money

Free scholarship search sites, such as and, also match a student’s background against a database of scholarships.

A typical high school senior could match with as many as 50 to 100 scholarships, Kantrowitz said.

You should always apply to every scholarship you are eligible for,” he advised.

Alexis Simon, 17, submitted applications for 20 to 30 scholarships. “I don’t know what the money is going to look like, but I’m definitely never, ever going to give up,” said Simon, who attends a performing arts high school in New York.

That may seem like an overwhelming task coupled with college applications and coursework. However, much of the same material can be used for each scholarship submission with only minor tweaks, Kantrowitz said.

Further, the more scholarships you get, the more you are likely to get going forward, Lewis added. “As they start receiving awards, they can use that credential for additional scholarships.”

The best time to apply for college scholarships

Although many families wait until they receive their college offers, “it’s always better to start sooner rather than later,” Kantrowitz said.

Indeed, some deadlines have already passed — but there is more aid out there for students currently looking.

“There are still dollars out there from the schools themselves based on both need and academic merit, and then of course need-based scholarships that are available from the federal, state and community basis,” said Robert Franek, editor in chief of The Princeton Review.

Some foundations even increased their spending on school aid and awarded “emergency grants” to students hard hit by the pandemic, Kantrowitz said. originally published this story.

Sharon Epperson

Sharon Epperson is CNBC’s senior personal finance correspondent. She is a lead contributor to “Invest in You: Ready. Set. Grow,” a multi-platform financial wellness and education initiative at CNBC in partnership with the micro-investing app Acorns. Her book, The Big Payoff: 8 Steps Couples Can Take to Make the Most of Their Money-and Live Richly Ever After, was a finalist for the Books for a Better Life Awards. She has won awards from the New York Festivals, the New York Association of Black Journalists and the National Association of Black Journalists.


Jessica Dickler

Jessica Dickler is a contributing writer and editor covering personal finance for